This paper by Evan Mantzaris deals with elements of the Indian trade unionism in Natal, South Africa, in the late 1910s and 1920s. These were events in which Indian syndicalists like B.L.E. Sigamoney of the (syndicalist) Indian Workers’ Industrial Union and (syndicalist) International Socialist League, along with white syndicalists, like Bill Andrews and David Ivon Jones, played an important role. Besides union work, the League’s members promoted the idea of workplace ‘soviets’ with an eye on occupations and take-overs.
SOURCE: Mantzaris, Evangelos. A. 1983. ‘The Indian Tobacco Workers Strike of 1920: A Socio-Historical Investigation’. Journal of Natal and Zulu History, VI, 115–125.